As the German army was beginning to suffer its defeats from the Soviets, various military formations were formed from the indigenous population in Eurasian Russia. Although Hitler was reluctant to have any Russian volunteers in his army, due to changing conditions on the front Russians were hired and started out as Hiwis (Hilfswillige), performing such tasks as skirmishes and patrols. Originally they were forbidden to wear German uniforms, insignia and awarded German medals. Latter on such formations grew in size and eventually whole battalions and divisions were formed. People joined such formations either as a way of escaping the horrible death in the POW camps or from political reasons – as a fight against Bolshevism.
From the very beginning number of Ukrainians ended up in such formations. In most cases it was because of non-availability of Ukrainian formation to join to, or in some instances low national consciousness. Ukrainians can be found in every Russian formation that fought on the German side, occupying all kinds of positions, from generals to regular infantry. Because of that I will focus only on those Ukrainians who possessed higher ranks.
RUSSIAN LIBERATION ARMY (ROA)
Members of ROA staff:
Oberst prince Bojarsky (descendant of famous Ukrainian landlords)
Chief of Communications – Major G. Kremenetsky
Chief of sub-section in Recruitment section – Major G. Svyrydenko
Commander of 2nd sub-section of Military school – Oberst A. Denysenko
Commander of 3rd. sub-section (Cavalry) – Oberleutenant N. Vaschenko
Inspector of propaganda among volunteers – Captain A. Sopchenko
Administrative section – Captain P. Shyshkevych
Commander of Officer batallion – M. Golenko
In charge of special communications – M. Tomashevsky
Members of reconnaissance staff – Leutenants:
J. Marchenko, S. Pronchenko, J. Sytnyk.
1st division of ROA
Commander of the division – General-major S. Buniachenko
1st adjutant – Oberst Rudenko
Chief of Supplies – Oberst Gerasymchuk
Chief of Propaganda – Major S. Bozhenko
Chief of Recoinassance – Major Kostenko.
Officer of Communications – Leutenant Redko
Divisional superintendant – Captain Palamrchuk.
2nd division of ROA
Member of staff – Oberstleutenant Bogun.
KONR (COMMITEE OF PEOPLE’S OF RUSSIA)
General-major D. Zakutnyi.
Generals F. Golovko, V. Lukjanenko.
Oberst Bondarenko, Lukjanenko,
Major J. Muzychenko
Captain V. Grechko
1st adjutant – Oberst Pliuschev-Vlasenko.
Oficer of Special Tasks – Major B. Klymovych
Chief of Cadre – Captain Naumenko
Chief of Medical personell – Oberstleutenant Levytsky.
Leutenant A. Skobchenko