German Units

Galland and the Squadron of Experts II

Air Warfare German Units 18 Min Read

FOCKE-WULF FW-190D-9 “Red 1” Heinz Wimmersaal Sachsenberg The inscription on his Fw 190 D9 was “Verkaaft’s mei Gwand I foahr in Himmel!” meaning “Sell my clothes I’m going to heaven” JV-44 flew its first full combat mission on April 5, 1945, and it started with a vengeance when five Me 262s lifted off from their new base at Munich-Riem, where…

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German Units Waffen-SS 20 Min Read

Waffen-SS “Wiking” Division at Korsun

Wiking Waffen SS Division breaks out Korsun-Cherkassy Pocket.   Following Soviet attacks in the middle of December out of their bridgeheads south of Krementschug and at Tscherkassy, whereby the city of Tscherkassy also fell, they launched a large-scale offensive from out of the Kiev area during the last few days…

German Units 22 Min Read

Germany: Ships and Strategy

Stefan Draminski Berlin was always well aware of the hostility of the United States, even in the thirties when few substantive issues arose to mar relations between the two powers. The problems that did evolve were not of a critical politico-strategic nature but peripheral matters involving German attempts to undercut…

Axis German Units Wars 29 Min Read

Army Group North’s Years of Hope and Frustration I

1941: Race to Moscow, German Army Group North, the leadership. The German Push to Leningrad The OKH issued the marshaling order—Aufmarschanweisung Ost (Deployment Directive East)—for the invasion of the Soviet Union on January 31, 1941. With respect to Army Group North, it called for an encirclement of major portions of…

German Units 22 Min Read

Army Group North’s Years of Hope and Frustration II

The Demyansk Salient The Soviets had managed to drive a huge bulge into Army Group Center’s front during their 1941/42 winter offensive around Toropets in the northern part of the army group’s sector. This bulge actually extended into Army Group North’s sector, and the Soviets hurled nine armies against Army…

German Units 8 Min Read

116th Panzer in Normandy

The following information is from the excellent book by Niklas Zetterling entitled ‘NORMANDY 1944’. The 116. Panzer-Division was formed by merging the remnants of the 16. Pz.-Gren-Division with the 179. Reserve-Pz.-Division. The division was established on May 1, 1944 in France. The manpower buildup was reported as follows: April 1=5452…

Air Warfare German Units 11 Min Read

Flying Circus

Richthofen’s Flying Circus, by Nicolas Trudgian An elite German fighter unit in World War I. World War I was the first time aircraft were used in combat against each other. Before then the United States had used aircraft in scouting roles, and when World War I broke out, it was…

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Tigers – The Heavy Punch II

German commanders kept them back as a reserve to counterattack against Soviet breakthroughs, and only…

116th Panzer in Normandy

The following information is from the excellent book by Niklas Zetterling entitled ‘NORMANDY 1944’. The…

Romanian Waffen-SS

The “SS Division Prinz Eugen” was the only military unit ever assembled with men from…

THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE ARMIES 1000-1300

Medieval Prints by Graham Turner Although firmly rooted and fairly well developed in the Rhineland,…