Military and Naval

BRUNHILDE AND FREDEGUND

Military and Naval 7 Min Read

Frankish Empresses, fl. 567–613 and 549–597, respectively Chiefly remembered for her hideous death, Brunhilde deserves more credit for her long and power-packed life. As warrior queen and stateswoman, she displayed indomitable courage and formidable skill through forty years of continuous war. Thrown into the bear pit of Frankish politics as a young bride, she ruled until she was regent for…

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Military and Naval 22 Min Read

CHIOS 201 BC: A COALITION COMMAND

The legend has it that the dying Alexander was asked who was his heir, and answered, ‘The strongest’. The wars among his generals, later called the Successors (Diadochot), resulted in three powerful military states clustered around Greece and other fragments of the empire on and within the Mediterranean. None of…

Military and Naval 19 Min Read

The Great Northern War (1700-21)

Poland-Lithuanian Commonwealth The Great Northern War (1700-21), which marked Russia’s decisive bid for power against Sweden, was launched for reasons quite incidental to Polish-Lithuanian affairs. Augustus’s treaty with Russia, negotiated exclusively in his capacity as Elector of Saxony, did not involve the Republic (Commonwealth). His attack on Swedish Livonia in…

Military and Naval 33 Min Read

Siege Warfare 1500-1830

The Surrender of Breda by Diego Velázquez. Oil on canvas, 1635. Map of the siege of Breda by Spinola. J.Blaeu. If gunpowder revolutionized combat, its effect upon siege operations was equally well recognized by contemporaries. Beginning in the sixteenth century, much ink had already been spilled to analyze the competition…

Medieval Military and Naval Sail 10 Min Read

AN EXEMPLARY MARITIME REPUBLIC: VENICE AT THE END OF THE MIDDLE AGES Part I

Bernard Doumerc In Venice, ‘the sea was all that mattered’. Truly, this was the founding principle that marked the history of this celebrated city.1 For a very long time historians made the Serenissima a model of success, wealth, and opulence, sometimes asserting that the Venetians ‘had a monopoly of the…

Medieval Military and Naval Ottoman Piracy Sail 17 Min Read

AN EXEMPLARY MARITIME REPUBLIC: VENICE AT THE END OF THE MIDDLE AGES Part II

Venetian Galley Bernard Doumerc In 1302, the Venetian government implemented a revision of ‘the corrections and additions’ to the Arsenal regulations.8 This action was necessary to encourage the full development of the technological revolution that would maximise the Republic’s naval potential. A short time later, between 1304 and 1307, the…

Military and Naval Piracy 21 Min Read

AN EXEMPLARY MARITIME REPUBLIC: VENICE AT THE END OF THE MIDDLE AGES Part III

Bernard Doumerc Henceforth, the state owned the merchant fleet, chartering galleys to merchants who operated them. The operator was the highest bidder in the auction for charters. Only nobles were allowed to participate in this auction, an exclusive privilege that gave them control of the financial and commercial operations of…

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The History of the Galley

The history of medieval naval warfare is the history of the galley. Since ancient times,…

The Great Northern War (1700-21)

Poland-Lithuanian Commonwealth The Great Northern War (1700-21), which marked Russia’s decisive bid for power against…

Anglo-Saxon Military Organisation Part I

Recruitment and Obligation The words used by Anglo-Saxons themselves for ‘army’ vary between the word…

ISLAMIC SHIPS AND SHIPBUILDING

A felucca is a traditional wooden sailing boat used in protected waters of the Red…