Baltic

Battle of Klushino

Baltic Battle Poland Russia 21 Min Read

  There were some large-scale and decisive field battles in the wars of the Baltic theater (Orsza, Klushino, Dirschau, Warsaw, Kliszow, etc.), but they do not provide a clear test of the superiority of Mauritsian line tactics-this is true even of many of Gustav II Adolf ‘s battles-in part because terrain was often too broken to facilitate line tactics, troops

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Armies Baltic British 10 Min Read

Captain Darryl Hollands – Steamroller Farm 1943

The previous evening a German counter-offensive had cut the road between El Aroussa and Medjez el Bab. The commander of Y Division, a scratch force holding this sector of the front, had no idea of the enemy’s strength and he decided to probe the area of Steamroller Farm, four and

Baltic Crusades 23 Min Read

Battle of Arsuf 1191

“Richard the Lionheart, Battle of Arsuf, 1191” Justo Jimeno Bazaga The Crusader armies tended to be an ill-assorted mix of troop types and fairly undisciplined. The backbone was provided by mounted men-at-arms and nobles from the Christian kingdoms of Europe. Armoured in chain mail and an open-faced metal helm, the

Axis Baltic 26 Min Read

The Swedish Question I

Sweden’s role in World War II has evoked little interest outside of that country. Although we now know this nation would never enter the war, Hitler and Dönitz could not count on this. For Hitler Sweden represented a valuable source of raw materials and manufactured goods, as well as a

Axis Baltic 23 Min Read

The Swedish Question II

Dönitz was even more wary of Sweden than Raeder. When he assumed command of the navy in January 1943 Hitler wanted him to scrap the surface fleet, but Dönitz pointed out that powerful German naval forces in the Baltic would help influence Sweden’s attitude. A major irritant to Dönitz was

Axis Baltic British 26 Min Read

‘LA CADUTA DEGLI DEI’ Part I

THE FALL OF THE GODS For the watching Bernard Freyberg the barrage for Operation Supercharge was disappointing. He had envisaged something more spectacular than Lightfoot. The anti-climax was almost certainly because, despite the barrage’s use of 192 field guns with 168 further guns employed on other tasks like counter-battery fire,

Air Warfare Baltic 12 Min Read

Gliders and “Nuts!”

439th glider taking off for Bastogne resupply 27 December 1944. The heroic efforts of American forces in action at Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge need no retelling. However, few historians give more than a casual mention of the part that gliders and glider pilots played in this important

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7–12 June 1807: The Battle of Heilsberg

The Battle of Hellsberg, 10 June 1807. This is Wilson’s battle map of 1810, clearly

Xanthippus of Carthage

Battle of Bagradas: Regulus’s defeat: Libya 255 BC. 255–245 BC Carthaginian Empire              Spartan mercenary

‘LA CADUTA DEGLI DEI’ Part I

THE FALL OF THE GODS For the watching Bernard Freyberg the barrage for Operation Supercharge

Captain Darryl Hollands – Steamroller Farm 1943

The previous evening a German counter-offensive had cut the road between El Aroussa and Medjez