SAMIL Trucks (South African MILitary) are the standard logistical transport vehicles of the South African National Defence Force (and its predecessor the South African Defence Force), re-manufactured by Truck-Makers in Rosslyn, Pretoria, Drakensberg Truck Manufacturers in Wallmannsthal, N1 Trucks in Wallmansthal and Transvaal Motors in Boksburg. The civilian versions of these trucks are called SAMAG (South African MAGirus). Production of these vehicles ended in 1998.
SAMIL 100 – (MAGIRUS DEUTZ 320D21AL)
Type: Deutz F10L 413F direct injection normally aspirated air cooled
Cycle: 4 stroke
Cylinders: 10 arranged in vee formation 90deg. apart
Bore Stroke: 125 mm x 130 mm
Displacement: 15953 cc
Max power: 235 kW @ 2500 r/p
Firing order: 1,10,5,7,2,8,3,9,4,6
Idling speed: 600 r/min
Disc diameter: 420 mm
Disc thickness: 10.8 mm
Method of operation: Hydraulic self adjusting
Gearbox type: ZF S6-90 6 speed synchromesh
Input rating: 850 Nm
Mass: 225 kg
Oil capacity: 13 l.
The output drive from the transfer gearbox is continuously coupled to the front and rear axles. A differential is incorporated in the transfer box to adjust for differences in front and rear axle drives.
High range ratio: 1.095 : 1
Low range ratio: 1.767 : 1 Longitudinal lock and high/low selector are pneumatically actuated
Front axle: Banjo housing type driving axle with steer-able, hollow stub axles driving trough planetary reduction in wheel hubs.
Axle ratio: 3,103 : 1
Hub reduction ratio: 1.85 :1
Overall reduction ratio: 5.74 :1
Differential lock: No
Rear axle: Banjo housing type driving axle with planetary reduction in wheel hubs
Axle ratio: 3.111 : 1
Hub reduction ratio: 1.867 : 1
Overall reduction ratio: 5.808 : 1
Differential lock: Yes – pneumatically actuated
Service brakes: Dual, full air
Parking brake: Spring actuated, acting on rear wheels
Exhaust brake: Pneumatically operated on both exhaust manifolds by foot control valve
Semi – elliptical leaf springs front and rear axle.
The center of rear springs are secured to trunnion bearings and the ends of springs support the axle on slipper pads
Shock absorbers: Two hydraulic double – acting, telescopic shock absorbers are fitted to the front axle.
Batteries: 2 x 12V 120 A/h
Starter: Bosch 24V
Starter output: 6.6 Kw
Alternator: Bosch 28V,35A
Hydraulically assisted by engine driven hydraulic pump.
Tyre size: 1400 x 20 x 18 ply Single wheels are fitted to all six hubs
Wheelbase: 5250/1380 mm
Front wheel track: 2002 mm
Rear wheel track: 2048 mm
Total length: 9248 mm
Total width: 2500 mm
Total height: 3000 mm
Ground clearance – front: 355 mm
Ground clearance – rear: 359 mm
Fuel tank capacity: 2 x 200 Lt
Max speed: 90 km/h
Angle of approach: 32 deg
Angle of departure: 28 deg
The SAMIL 20 is an upgraded Magirus Deutz 130M7FAL 4×4 2-ton (load) truck.
SAMIL 20 Mk I light utility 4×4 truck based on the Unimog chassis which were imported as farm implements from Magirus Deutz with original air-cooled Marirus Deutz engines. Reports that this engine struggled with the heat and dust in South West Africa.
Cargo/Personnel Carrier -Cargo area seats up to 10 troops.
LAD – Light Mobile Workshop vehicle for general repairs and vehicle services
FCP – Artillery Forward Command Post vehicle
Lappiespomp – Refueling vehicle
Battery Charger vehicle
SAMIL 20 II Due to sanctions-era restrictions imposed by United Nations Security Council Resolution 418, the SAMIL 20 Mark II was fitted with a lighter South African-manufactured water-cooled ADE 352N which was a licensed built Mercedes-Benz OM352 engine. It also had a lighter fuel tank and a modified transmission.
SAMIL 20 Kwevoel – Armoured Mine Resistant cargo vehicle
Bulldog APC – Mine Resistant Armoured Personnel Carrier based on the SAMIL 20 chassis similar to the Buffel APC
Ystervark Self Propelled Anti Aircraft with 1 x 20mm GAI-CO1 20mm AA gun on back of a SAMIL 20 Kwevoel
Rhino APC – Mine Resistant Armoured Personnel Carrier based on the SAMIL 20 chassis
The SAMIL 50 is an upgraded Magirus Deutz 192D12AL 4×4 5-ton (load) truck.
SAMIL 50 Mk I – Medium 4×4 5 ton truck
Cargo/Personnel Carrier – it has a canvas cover over a steel framework around the cargo area; seats for up to 40 passengers may be installed along the sides or down the center, back to back.
Field kitchen vehicle
Flatbed Container transporter with ISO locks
Mobile Shower Unit vehicle
Mobile Welding shop vehicle
Refrigerator Pantry Unit
Refuse Collection vehicle
SAMIL 50 Mk II – As with the SAMIL 20, the initial SAMIL 50 Mark I model was air-cooled, but the later SAMIL 50 Mark II was fitted with a lighter water-cooled ADE motor, a lighter fuel tank and a modified transmission. The Mark II has the same range of variants as the Mark I.
SAMIL 50 Springbok – Recovery vehicle
SAMIL 50 Kwevoel – Armoured Mine Resistant cargo vehicle
The SAKOM 50A is a 7-tonne 4×2 version of the SAMIL 50. The SAKOM 50 uses a SAMIL 20 cab and is employed on second-line duties.
All-around armoured version – SAMIL 100
The SAMIL 100 is an upgraded Magirus Deutz 320D22AL 6×6 10-ton (load) truck. Classified as a heavy truck, it is made of pressed steel with the cargo area (capable of carrying up to 50 passengers) having drop sides and a tailgate. Variants include an all-around armoured version, a dump truck, a tanker, an artillery tractor, a field kitchen, a refrigerator truck, an ambulance, a recovery vehicle, a carrier for a multiple rocket launcher as well as a carrier for a 23 mm anti-aircraft gun. The cargo carrier version has a crane with a 1.2-ton capacity.