Mongol

Battle of Hakata Bay

Japan Mongol 7 Min Read

The Japanese warrior Takezaki Suenaga attacks Mongol bowmen, though his horse is wounded. A bomb explodes in the air at centre. An example of tetsuhau, the world’s oldest anti-personnel explosive, excavated from a ship wrecked during the battIe. tetsuhau is a primitive Mongol grenade. Ceramic bombs found on the 1281 shipwreck, left, prove the existence of these early explosive shells.…

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Mongol Weapons 6 Min Read

Mongol Archery

Originally the basis of the Mongols’ military power and later almost driven to extinction by the advent of firearms, archery has been revived in Mongolia as a purely recreational sport. Mongolian archery in the Middle Ages had great military significance. The earliest surviving piece of Mongolian writing is a stone…

Mongol 6 Min Read

THE MONGOL-OIRAT CONFLICT

In 1388 YisĂĽder, a descendant of Qubilai Khan’s brother ARIQ-BĂ–KE, murdered the emperor Toghus-TemĂĽr, initiating a complex period of usurpation and conflict. On one side stood the Oirats in the northwest, first under Möngke-TemĂĽr (fl. 1400) and by 1403 under three chiefs, Mahmud (d. 1417), Taiping (d. 1426), and Batu-Bolod.…

Biography Mongol 37 Min Read

Subotai the Valiant Part I

The old blacksmith and his two sons struggled through the knee-deep snow, making their way down the steep mountainside toward Temujin’s camp. The three of them had come a long way from the dark forest of the taiga west of Lake Baikal that was their home. Up ahead, within sight,…

Biography Mongol 38 Min Read

Subotai the Valiant Part II

In 1203, Jamuga and the Oga Kahn had raised a large army from the remaining tribes and brought Temujin to battle at a place called the Red Willows. Badly outnumbered, Temujin’s army fought the enemy coalition to a draw but suffered such heavy casualties that Temujin was forced to withdraw.…

Medieval battle Mongol 23 Min Read

The Last Throw of the Dice

The Battle of Wadi al-Khaznadar, also known as the Third Battle of Homs, was a Mongol victory over the Mamluks in 1299. Mongol operations in the Levant, 1299-1303, showing the location of the Battle of Wadi al-Khaznadar (3rd Homs) After the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in the Holy…

Crusades Mongol 26 Min Read

BETWEEN THE MAMLUKS AND THE MONGOLS

1250–1260 With Tturanshah’s bloody heart at Louis’s feet and his body dumped in the Nile, life was draining out of the Ayyubid dynasty. It was the Mamluk regiment created by al-Salih that had massacred the Christians at Mansurah and saved Egypt. This professional military corps had become the power behind…

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MONGOL WEAPONS

Warrior armor. Most Mongol warriors fought as light horsemen, wearing leather body armor and, if…

Mongol: Doctrine, Strategy, and Tactics

When the Mongols engaged an opponent’s field army, they used a wide array of tactics…

Mongol Archery

Originally the basis of the Mongols’ military power and later almost driven to extinction by…

Tamerlane and the Golden Horde

TAMERLANE (1336–1405). Turkic chieftain and conqueror. He was not Mongol, but sought to trace Mongol…