Ancient Warfare

Onward to Ctesiphon!

Ancient Warfare Roman 1 Min Read

Emperor Julian is killed during his failed invasion of Sassanian Persia in June 26, 363 AD. Above is a recreation of Sassanian Persia’s elite cavalry, the Savaran, as they would have appeared during Julian’s failed invasion. Note the heavily armored Sassanian elite guardsman (Pushtighban) whose lance has pierced a Roman infantryman. Further right is a Savaran officer whose sword is…

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Ancient Warfare Siege 13 Min Read

Ancient Siegecraft

Military engineers invented the techniques for overcoming the defenses of fortified cities. One of the earliest inventions was the battering ram, which dates from at least 2500 b. c. e. 15 By 2000 b. c. e. the battering ram was found in almost all armies of the ancient world. The…

Ancient Warfare Medieval Roman 14 Min Read

MILITARY STAFF DEVELOPMENT IN ANCIENT ARMIES

The two officers in the background are tribunes; that on the right the artist rendered as being a tribunus laticlavius. The two in the foreground are the Legate, and the primus pilus. Contrary to HBO, the thinking amongst most historians is that term means something like “first pillar,” not “first…

Ancient Warfare British Sail 21 Min Read

Agricola’s governorship

Non-contemporary statue of Gnaeus Julius Agricola, leader of the first major Roman expedition in Hibernia. In AD 74 Cerealis was recalled and replaced by Julius Frontinus, who is better known in Roman history for being appointed curator aquarum in Rome by Nerva in AD 96 and for writing a two-volume…

Ancient Warfare Byzantine 11 Min Read

Rome versus Persia

Maneuvers before and after the Battle of Nineveh The wars between Persia and Rome came to a climax between 603 and 628, with significant consequences for each empire and for subsequent world history. Sparked by mutual interference in each other’s dynastic disputes, Chosroes II of Persia opened the wars against…

Ancient Warfare Armies 22 Min Read

THE CANAANITES (1500-900 b. c. e)

A Maryannu warrior, elite of the Canaan army The period between 1800 and 1550 b. c. e. is called the Middle Canaanite period, when climatic conditions improved and cultural development flourished, permitting the people of Canaan to rebuild their old fortified villages into powerful new urban centers. During this time…

Ancient Warfare Medieval 13 Min Read

Armament and Fighting Style – Greek vs. Persian

Herodotus refers to Greek hoplites as `men of bronze’ in a reference to the armour that they wore and this is a perfectly apt description. The equipment carried by a Greek hoplite was designed for only one thing-straight-up, hand-to-hand, combat. To fight as a hoplite only two pieces of equipment…

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CARTHAGINIAN ARMIES

Hannibal and his staff at the battle of Zama – art by Giuseppe Rava The…

The Frankish Way of War

The kingdoms and peoples of Europe and North Africa just before the East Roman Emperor…

SUMERIAN TROOPS

The almost constant warfare among the Sumerian city-states for 2,000 years spurred the development of…

Etruscan Warriors

1. EARLY VILLANOVAN CULTURE, 9th–8th CENTURIES BC.(1) Leader with war-chariot, Tarchuna area. The early example…