Viking

The Siege of Paris (885-6)

France Siege Viking 12 Min Read

Viking Siege of Paris, 885–886. Sometime in the autumn of 885 `seven hundred high-prowed ships and very many smaller ones’ snaked up the Seine in a column that `extended for more than two leagues down river’, according to Abbo of the nearby Abbey of St-Germain-des-Pre’s, an eyewitness to the event. The young Benedictine monk also insisted that `the grim ones’…

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Viking 6 Min Read

Viking Raids Up-River I

THE VIKING WORLD The brown areas on this map are Viking settlements. From late in the 8th century, Vikings raided, traded, and explored far and wide. They discovered Iceland in 870 and sailed farther west to Greenland in about 985. Leif the Lucky was probably the first European to set…

Viking 4 Min Read

Viking Raids Up-River II

RAIDING FRANCE This picture of a Viking ship is in a French manuscript from around 1100. Viking ships attacked French towns and monasteries all through the 9th century. One group of Vikings settled in the Seine region. Another band, under the chieftain Rollo, made their homes around Rouen. This area…

Medieval Viking Warship 10 Min Read

VIKING SHIPS

The Hedeby 1 and Hedeby 3 Viking ships. DRAWN BY SUNE VILLUM-NIELSEN. THE VIKING SHIP MUSEUM, DENMARK The region settled by the Vikings during the ninth to eleventh centuries consisted of the Scandinavian Peninsula and Jutland, the Danish archipelago, and islands in the Baltic and the North Atlantic as well…

Viking 5 Min Read

The Viking Menace

A squadron of Viking warships passes by a rugged coastline on its way to raid European settlements. A factor in the growing strength and versatility of Scandinavian civilization was the emergence of more martial, or aggressive and warlike, elements of society. In this the Scandinavians got their cue, in a…

Byzantine Sail Siege Viking 14 Min Read

The Rus’ and the Byzantine Empire

George Majeska The Beginnings Relations between Rus’ and the Byzantine Empire centered at Constantinople (modern Istanbul) were not always friendly. Already in the early ninth century, Viking Rus’ had apparently pillaged the Byzantine city of Amastris on the Black Sea coast of Asia Minor, and by the 830s the Byzantine…

Germany History Medieval Viking 9 Min Read

German Medieval Warfare

Warfare was a dominant feature of medieval German history. After the late fourth century, Germanic tribes penetrated the western Roman Empire in force, bringing important changes to the military system. Roman discipline and organization gave way to badly organized forces with poor training, few arms, and almost no discipline. Military…

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Dark Age Warfare

655 Battle of Winwaed: Penda of Mercia was defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria. Although the…

Varangian Guard

An elite unit of household guards in the Byzantine Empire between the ninth and fourteenth…

Vikings in the West

A map showing the areas where Viking raiders and their descendants commonly settled. The true…

Viking berserkers

Individual Viking warriors known during the eighth through eleventh centuries for their ferocity. A sixth-century…