Trade

Hanseatic Hostilities with England in the 1470s

Trade 14 Min Read

New challenges in the Baltic region began to confront the Hanseatic League during the second half of the fourteenth century, which forced the new confederation of cities to prove its mettle. In 1360, King Valdemar IV (ca. 1320–1375) began to pursue a policy of Danish hegemony in the Baltic Sea and conquered not just Scania, which it had earlier lost…

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Medieval Trade 2 Min Read

Roundships Redux

The round ships of the Mediterranean came from Roman ships with a 3:1 ratio of width to length. They were constructed with caravel-built hulls and no oars, but instead 1-3 masts often with lateen sails. They were used for transport and trade, and were know in the later 12th and…

Sail Trade 21 Min Read

Indian Sea Trade with the West

The West Gordon Childe says: “The most startling feature of pre-historic Indian trade is that manufactured goods made in India were exported to Mesopotamia. At Eshunna, near Baghdad, typically Indian shell inlays and even pottery probably of the Indus manufacture have been found along with seals. After c. 1700 B.…

Trade 1 Min Read

Ghanjah

Easily distinguishable by its typical stem-head with trefoil crest, Ghanjah was formerly used in trading. having a capacity of 130 to 300 tons, this boat used to be built in Sur. Length 70 – 125 Feet. Weight 125 – 300 tons Very similar vessel to the Baghlah and difficult to…

Sail Trade 1 Min Read

Baghlah – Arab cargo vessel

A baghlah, bagala or baggala is a large deep-sea dhow, a traditional Arabic sailing vessel. Description A baghlah is a type of dhow with one or more lateen sails. It is primarily used along the coasts of the Arabian Peninsula, Sindh, India, and East Africa. A larger dhow may have…

Sail Trade 2 Min Read

James I of Aragon: The Barcelona Maritime Code of 1258

By the middle of the thirteenth century there was a well-established system of usages or maritime law at Barcelona and Tortosa in Spain, and at Marseilles in France, besides similar systems in northern Europe, the laws of Oleron and the laws of Wisby. As may be seen, these laws regulated…

Piracy Trade 12 Min Read

Maritime trade – Greeks and Romans

  Roman 1st Century Merchant Ship. The Greeks had traded across the Mediterranean in the Bronze Age, but the scale of Greek involvement in long-distance trade appears to have dramatically declined from c.1200 bc, in what scholars refer to as the Dark Age of Greek history, reviving only in the…

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Lend-Lease to the USSR

American Lend-Lease supplies to the USSR 1941–45. Soviet historiography is mocked in the West, where…

The Roman grain trade

Roman Merchant Ships The grain trade was not simply a source of profit for Rome’s…

London: The Romans and Early Saxons II

Roman ships When Julius Caesar’s fleet took part in a battle against the ships of…

Maritime trade in the Ancient Mediterranean

The picture depicts a Phoenician merchant ship dated 1500 year B. C. We can put…