Japan

An Overview of Japanese Submarine Operations off Australia during 1943 Part I

ANZAC Japan Naval History 23 Min Read

IJN Submarine I-21 Starr King sinking after being attacked by I-21 near Port Macquarie on 10 February 1943. The Japanese never again mounted the kind of coordinated submarine attacks on Australia witnessed during mid-1942, when the Eastern Advance Detachment launched the midget attacks on Sydney Harbour and also bombarded the Sydney suburbs and the city of Newcastle. However, the Japanese…

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Biography Japan 43 Min Read

Hōjō Masako

1157–1225 The Nun Shogun Two centuries after early chapters of The Tale of Genji circulated at the Heian court, a brand new sort of literature was doing the rounds in Japan. Its delight in the intimate repartee that passes between a woman and a man would have been familiar to…

Biography Japan 47 Min Read

Oda Nobunaga 1534–1582

September 1571. Temples and towns around the lower reaches of Mount Hiei begin to empty out as their many thousands of inhabitants – Tendai monks alongside ordinary men, women and children – set out together on the hard climb towards the summit. They are desperately seeking refuge from what lurks…

Japan Warship 8 Min Read

IJN Battleship Pagoda Masts

The Imperial Japanese navy conducted a more thorough battleship reconstruction programme than any fleet except the Italian, extending ships’ hulls, adding considerable power, and modernising fire control (with added gun elevation to match). The two Fuso-class battleships (Yamashiro is shown) were the first, and their ‘pagoda’ foremasts were the most…

Fortification Japan Strategy 25 Min Read

Japan at Bay

No one—and especially not the members of Japanese Imperial General Headquarters or the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff—expected Okinawa to be the last battle of World War II. Why the surprise? The Joint Chiefs, having woefully underestimated enemy striking power at the beginning of the Pacific War, had just…

Japan Naval History 32 Min Read

“The Rise and Fall of Imperial Japan Depends on This One Battle” Part I

IJN Junyo IJN Shokaku Movement of opposing forces, 16—17 June 1944. Movement of opposing forces, 18 June 1944. On the morning of 11 June Admiral Ozawa received the first reports of TF 58’s strikes on the Marianas. At first he thought these raids were nothing more than diversionary attacks meant…

Japan Naval History 31 Min Read

“The Rise and Fall of Imperial Japan Depends on This One Battle” Part II

In the meantime, after Admiral Mitscher told TF 58 that it appeared the Japanese were coming their way, Gus Widhelm had been having a hard time getting takers for his $1,000 wager that the Japanese would be heading out for a carrier duel. Far to the west of Saipan, Ozawa’s…

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Japanese Siege Weapons

Early Fortifications Although fortifications were constructed in Japan prior to the feudal period, frequent conflicts…

Yamato (1941) Part I

IJN Yamato by Chris Flodberg  The tower carried Type 21 and 22 radar, the main…

Samurai: The warrior class of feudal Japan

The Samurai, the warrior class of ancient Japan, dominated that country’s political and social structure…

Early War Japanese Air Supremacy – the “Zero”

After the battles of Midway and the Coral Sea, the lightning fast expansion was slowed.…