William Cadogan

Biography British 18 Min Read

attributed to Louis Laguerre, oil on canvas, circa 1716 Duke of Marlborough’s quartermaster-general, William Cadogan (1675-1726), served him throughout the War of the Spanish Succession. He was the duke’s right-hand man, ready to lead the vanguard of the army on the march, carry out reconnaissance, draw up detailed plans for movement or battle, organize supplies, and if necessary command troops


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British Wars 24 Min Read

English Civil Wars (1639-1651)

“The Great Rebellion.” From 1629, Charles I governed without Parliament, even raising new taxes such as the infamous ship money by decree. He was supported by most of the Anglican episcopacy and segments of the nobility. He looked to Arminianism and ascendant royal authority to overcome competing confessional cultures that

British China 9 Min Read

Battle of Dagu Forts (1900)

Model of the original Taku Fort as in the Museum in Tanggu, China. The Battle of Taku or Dagu Forts was a battle during the Boxer Rebellion between the Chinese military and allied Western and Japanese naval forces. The Allies captured the forts after a brief but bloody battle. In

Armies British 10 Min Read


Boer Republics At the outbreak of war in 1899 the British faced the forces of two Boer Republics. The principal combatant was the South African Republic (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek), which the British knew by its former name of the Transvaal, and the secondary adversary, entering the war in support of the

Armies British Ottoman 17 Min Read

The Guards at Inkerman 1854

Grenadier Guards In 1854 the Crimean War broke out, and an expedition was assembled to be sent to the Crimean Peninsula in the Black Sea. After some weeks in Malta, the First Guards (3rd Battalion) sailed as part of a Guards Brigade for the Dardenelles. Three months, from June to

British China 28 Min Read

The Boxer Catastrophe for China

The greatest concentration of white settlers lived around the city of Peking, where they could interact more freely with the great population there as well as with the imperial government. Apart from traders and missionaries, Peking was also home to the diplomats of foreign powers. These government representatives lived together

British Doctrine 16 Min Read

Lessons Learned From Goodwood

M4 Shermans of the 23rd Hussars advance through Deurne, 26 September 1944. Note the “Charging Bull” on the first tank’s front hull (third marking from the left), the 11th Armoured Division’s emblem. Major-General Roberts, commanding 11th Armoured Division, in his White scout car, 15 August 1944. Interest in the Normandy

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British coastal assault on St Cast in Brittany in September 1758. A German map, published

Elizabeth towards War I

European matchlock musketeers of the Elizabethan period. By the early 1570s the Puritans had grown

The Hanoverian Army at Waterloo

The Hanoverian contingent in Wellington’s army was integrated fully into the British divisional structure; it

Dargai, 20 October 1897 Part I

The Gordon Highlanders storming Dargai Heights during the Tirah campaign in 1897. It was here