Bremen Piracy and Scottish Periphery

Bremen Piracy and Scottish Periphery: The North Sea World in the 1440s

By David Ditchburn

from: Ships, Guns and Bibles in the North Sea and Baltic States, c.1350-c.1700 (2000)

Bremen and Hamburg were the eyes through which medieval Saxony viewed the North Sea. The two cities were not only the joint centres of a metropolitan archbishopric whose jurisdiction originally stretched across Scandinavia as well as northern Germany; they were also great commercial centres. Hamburg was to play a leading role in that amorphous federation of merchants and towns, the Hansa, which came to dominate the later medieval trade of the Baltic and North Sea worlds. Initially, however, commercial pre-eminence lay with the more westerly of the two towns. Indeed, as early as the eleventh century, the chronicler Adam of Bremen claimed that the merchants of the whole world congregated in Bremen.1 Although such a comment was laced more with local pride than statistical rigour, the city did develop into a bustling port, internationally famous from the thirteenth century for its manufacture of beer, with a population of perhaps 15,000 on the eve of the Black Death.2

via Bremen Piracy and Scottish Periphery.

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To empolemo Byzantino Byzantium at War

To empolemo Byzantino – Byzantium at War

Edited by Nicolas Oikonomides

(Athens: Institute for Byzantine Studies, 1997)

This volume contains 14 articles dealing with Byzantine military history. The articles come in three languages: English, French and Greek. We are republishing three articles from this volume:

Christides, Vassilios, Military Intelligence in Arabo-Byzantine Naval Warfare (PDF file)

Dennis, George T., The Byzantines in Battle (PDF file)

Haldon, John, The Organisation and Support of an Expeditionary Force: Manpower and Logistics in the Middle Byzantine Period

Other articles from this volume include:

Dargon, Gilbert, Apprivoiser la guerre: Byzantins et Arabes ennemis intimes

Kazhdan, Alexander, Terminology of Warfare in the History of Niketas Choniates: Contingents and Battles

Magdalino, Paul, The Byzantine Army and the Land: From Stratiotikon Ktema to Military Pronoia

Sullivan, Denis, Tenth Century Byzantine Offensive Siege Warfare: Instructional Prescriptions and Historical Practice

Zuckerman, Constantin, Les Hongrois au pays de Lebedia: Une nouvelle puissance aux confins de Byzance et de la Khazarie ca 836-889

We thank Professor Evangelos Chrysos of the Institute for Byzantine Studies at the National Hellenic Research Foundation for his permission to republish these articles.

via To empolemo Byzantino Byzantium at War.

Foundations of Venetian Naval Strategy from Pietro II Orseolo to the Battle of Zonchio

Foundations of Venetian Naval Strategy from Pietro II Orseolo to the Battle of Zonchio

1000 – 1500

by John E. Dotson

from Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies v. 32 (2001)

For Venetians during the Middle Ages the sea was life. The prosperity, the very existence, of the Republic depended upon seaborne commerce. That commerce was inherently peaceful and prospered best in times of peace and stability. It was also competitive and aroused passions of jealousy and greed. Venetian commerce needed to be protected from predators, and Venetians, too, were often willing to use force to extend the scope of, and gain advantage for, their trade. War and trade were very often closely interlinked activities.

via Foundations of Venetian Naval Strategy from Pietro II Orseolo to the Battle of Zonchio.

Mamluk Studies Review

Mamluk Studies Review

Mamluk Studies Review is a biannual refereed journal published by the Middle East Documentation Center devoted to the study of the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt and Syria (648-922/1250-1517). It appears in January and July. The goals of Mamluk Studies Review are to take stock of scholarship devoted to the Mamluk era, nurture communication within the field, and to promote further research by encouraging the critical discussion of all aspects of this important medieval Islamic polity.

Articles

Humphreys, R. Stephen, Ayyubids, Mamluks, and the Latin East in the Thirteenth Century – from volume 2 (1998)

Fuess, Albrecht, Rotting Ships and Razed Harbors: The Naval Policy of the Mamluks – from volume 5 (2001)

Chevedden, Paul E., Black Camels and Blazing Bolts: The Bolt-Projecting Trebuchet in the Mamluk Army – from volume 8:1 (2004)

Book Reviews

Reuven Amitai-Preiss, Mongol and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Ilkhanid War, 1260-1281 – reviewed by John E. Woods

Shai Har-El, Struggle for Domination in the Middle East: The Ottoman-Mamluk War, 1485-1491 – reviewed by W.W. Clifford

Linda S. Northrup, From Slave to Sultan: The Career of al-Mansur Qalawun and the Consolidation of Mamluk Rule in Egypt and Syria (678-689 AH / 1279-1290 AD) – reviewed by Robert Irwin

Yaacov Lev (ed.), War and Society in the Eastern Mediterranean, 7th – 15th Centuries – reviewed by W.W. Clifford

via Mamluk Studies Review.

Acta Viennensia Ottomanica

Acta Viennensia Ottomanica

Edited by Markus Kohbach, Gisela Prochaska-Eisl, and Claudia Romer

Vienna: Im Selbrstverlag des Instituts fur Orientalistik, 1999

A collection of over forty articles on the history of the Ottoman Empire, ranging from the medieval period to the 20th century. Most of the articles are in English, but also include French, German and other languages. We thank the authors for their permission to republish the following articles.

Turkish Raids in Friuli at the End of the Fifteenth Century, by Maria Pia Pedani (PDF file)

The Byzantine-Turkish Frontier, c.1250-1300, by Keith Hopwood (PDF file)

Other medieval articles in this book include:

Beans for a cough, lion’s gall for a laugh: The poet and physician Ahmedi’s materia medica as a mirror of the state of the art around 1400 in Anatolia, by Edith G. Amrbos

Istanbul in Divan Poetry, 1453-1600, by Hatice Aynur

Sultan Bayezid II as the only legitimate pretender to the Ottoman throne, by Istvan Nyitrai

via Acta Viennensia Ottomanica.

Ships and Fleets in Anglo-French warfare, 1337-1360

Ships and Fleets in Anglo-French warfare, 1337-1360

By Timothy J. Runyan

from: American Neptune v.46 (1986)

The most consuming military and naval conflict of later medieval Europe was the Hundred Years’ War. Beginning in 1337 and continuing until 1453 this struggle involved most of the states of western Europe although the principals were England and France. Edward III claimed the French throne by right of inheritance intending to remove the newly established Valois dynasty as usurpers. Dynastic claims or consequent ties of vassalage, however, were not the precipitating factors in the outbreak of war. Researchers over the past few decades have emphasized much more strongly the role of England’s possessions in France, especially Gascony, to explain the origins of the war.1 This approach recognizes the economic and strategic importance of English possessions and control in France as compelling factors in Edward III’s decision to initiate the conflict. French encroachments and claims on Gascony and other English possessions struck at the heart of Edward’s state – a kingdom which was transmarine.2

via Ships and Fleets in Anglo.